Sunday, March 20, 2011

Major milestones in Astoria's 200-year history 1811 - 2011


Astoria timeline  

1792: American sea captain Robert Gray is first to sail across the Columbia River sand bar to usher in the fur trade; anchors across the Columbia from future site of Astoria. 

1805: Lewis and Clark expedition builds winter encampment nearby at Fort Clatsop. 

1811: John Jacob Astor's Pacific Fur Co. trading ship, the Tonquin from New York, disembarks first Euro-American settlers, who establish Fort Astoria and U.S. claim to lower Columbia. 

1813: Fort Astoria sold to British Northwest Company and becomes Fort George. 

1818: Astoria reverts to joint U.S.-British control by treaty that ends War of 1812. 

1825: Main Columbia River trading post moves inland to Fort Vancouver, leaving Astoria a fur trade backwater. 

1844: Little remains of original fort when John Shively begins surveying future townsite of Astoria. 

Treaty of Oregon divides U.S./British control at 49th parallel (the present U.S./Canada border). 

First U.S. post office west of Rockies established at Astoria. 

 Astoria becomes seat of Clatsop County. 

 Oregon becomes 33rd state, with government and population focused in Willamette Valley. 

1875: 17 fish canneries operate around Astoria. 

Incorporated as a city. 

 English sailing ship Peter Iredale runs aground off mouth of Columbia (the "Graveyard of the Pacific"); ship's remains still visible at Fort Stevens beach. 

 Centennial celebration in Shively Park. 

1922: Fire destroys 30 blocks of downtown Astoria. 

TR.LibertyTheaterMikeDavis_9.JPGView full sizeThe Liberty Theater in downtown Astoria.
1925: Reconstruction symbolized by opening of Liberty Theater, Venetian-style vaudeville house. 

 Astoria Column dedicated. 

Tourism grows when 4.2-mile Astoria-Megler Bridge across Columbia opens as longest three-span truss bridge in world, completing Pacific Coast Highway between California and Washington. 

1980: Bumblebee, last Columbia River fish cannery, closes. 

Cult movie classic "The Goonies" filmed in Astoria, one of many Hollywood movies to use city as a set. 

 Last timber processor, Astoria Plywood Mill, closes. 

Last commercial freight rail service. 

Cannery Pier Hotel opens on 600-foot pier into bay, ushering in upscale tourism boom, which this year includes stops by 19 cruise ships. 

 Bicentennial celebration. 

Astoria bicentennial committee:

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